Backyard farmers support Philadelphia bill to legalize undercover chicken coops

Farm animal legislation passed in 2004 placed restrictions on what people could keep in areas smaller than three acres — an attempt to crackdown on backyard farms.

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Luis Martinez holds a chicken that he has been nursing in a community garden in Kensington. (Emma Lee/WHYY)

Luis Martinez holds a chicken that he has been nursing in a community garden in Kensington. (Emma Lee/WHYY)

This story originally appeared on PlanPhilly.

A rooster gives a hearty crow as Luis Martinez fixes his motorcycle in his backyard on a Friday afternoon. Across the street, a few more chickens hang out, forming a ragtag line across the North Philadelphia block.

“I keep them because that’s a part of my tradition,” says Martinez, who grew up in Puerto Rico. “I wanna teach the little kids here. They never saw a chicken in their life in their own environment.”

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One of those kids is Anelys Franco. The 7-year-old is fascinated by her feathered neighbors and quick to show off what she knows about them.

“They have baby chickens and they give us eggs,” she says.

Martinez says it’s not unusual for families to keep chickens and let them roam freely where he is from. But in Philadelphia, Martinez’s urban coop is not so normal — at least not according to the law. Farm animal legislation passed in 2004 placed restrictions on what people could keep in areas smaller than three acres — an attempt to crack down on smelly or noisy backyard farming.

A rooster crosses Dauphin Street in Kensington toward an enclosure where residents in the Kensington community keep their chickens. (Emma Lee/WHYY)

The law made Philadelphia one of the few large cities that bans backyard hens, a move that critics decried as shortsighted. But in a city battling persistent poverty, high rates of homicide and a raging opioid crisis, the hen ban quietly persisted with no real challengers.

That changed this January when City Councilman Bobby Henon introduced a bill to reverse the hen ban and legalize an estimated 5,000 female chickens in Philly.

“Every hen in the city is illegal at this time, so if there’s somebody who has a couple of nice hens in their backyard and a neighbor doesn’t like the person, they call it in, we have to waste our city resources sending L&I out, sending the Animal Care & Control Team out,” said Maureen Breen, president of Philadelphia Backyard Chickens and a supporter of Henon’s bill. “Some people go through zoning variances, some people have gone to court and this is not something that we want to spend our city resources on.”

Breen sees the de-facto hen amnesty as the right thing to do in a city where many people struggle with hunger, while others simply want to know where their food is coming from.

Maureen Breen is an activist and researcher in Philadelphia, trying to make chicken raising legal in the city. (Kimberly Paynter/WHYY)

“You can grow all the tomatoes you want but you’re not going to get any protein,” she said. “Most cities have legal hens. Philadelphia is one of the few that does not, so it really seems we should get that problem corrected.”

But even Breen understands there is one clear conflict that must be addressed: the clash between neighbors and roosters. She supports some regulation of chickens, such as limiting the number of hens and banning the crowing male birds.

“They don’t have a schedule to sing, they sing at any hour, one in the afternoon or three in the morning,” said Iris Rodriguez, who lives in close proximity to several of the loud, redheaded birds. “They crow at any hour.”

Rodriguez doesn’t mind the cockle-doodle-doos too much. Cars drive through the neighborhood blasting music at 3 a.m. — windows down — and that’s much worse, she said.

Chickens leave their enclosure at Dauphin and Waterloo streets. (Emma Lee/WHYY)

Not everyone feels that way.

“We’ll usually get complaints in when people are getting frustrated with hearing chickens in their neighborhood, in their vicinity, because they can be quite loud,” said Morgan Polley with Animal Care & Control Team of Philadelphia.

Amnesty for Philly’s hens?

Think of ACCT Philadelphia as the first line of defense if you’ve got chicken concerns.

Polley said it’s hard to pinpoint how many calls come in exclusively focused on chickens but she estimates about a dozen calls a year.  The agency recorded only about 50 farm animal complaints total in 2018.

Chicken citations start at $25, though Polley says the agency typically gives owners the benefit of the doubt, educating them on the law that prohibits the birds and seven days to remove or relocate the chickens from the premises.

In extreme cases, the city’s Department of Licenses and Inspections will be called in, but that is rare. The department has issued only a few chicken citations in the past several years, said Karen Guss, a spokeswoman.

Jaclyn Ricci, vice president of Camden County Chickens in New Jersey, understands the fight to legalize hens firsthand.

Jaclyn Ricci collects eggs laid by her backyard chickens in Merchantville, N.J. (Emma Lee/WHYY)

Ricci took a class taught by Breen on the care of chickens and then helped drive a two-year hen pilot program in the borough of Merchantville, which ended last year.

She said some people had concerns about smells, noise and turning the borough into a “farmer town.”

“So we started working at our farmers’ market, having a table set up once a month to get people to understand what we wanted to do, why we wanted to have chickens and to just get a consensus of what the people in town were thinking,” Ricci said.

Jaclyn Ricci carries one of the five chickens she keeps in her backyard in Merchantville, N.J. (Emma Lee/WHYY)

She hopes Merchantville council adopts an ordinance this year making the hens a permanent fixture.

Breen said that with thousands of hens already thriving in Philadelphia, the city doesn’t need to test the concept anymore.

But so far only one Philadelphia council member — Mark Squilla — has met with Breen’s group to hear their pro-hen arguments, and there is no word on when a hearing will hatch.

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