House Democrats won an important victory in federal court on Friday when a judge ordered the Justice Department to surrender now-secret material from the Russia investigation — and, more broadly, validated the impeachment inquiry into President Trump.
Chief Judge Beryl Howell signed an opinion that rejected the Justice Department’s argument that it must preserve the secrecy of grand jury and other material, and denied Republicans’ case that House Democrats’ inquiry is invalid.
“The need for continued secrecy is minimal and thus easily outweighed by [the House committee’s] compelling need for the material,” Howell wrote.
She continued: “Tipping the scale even further toward disclosure is the public’s interest in a diligent and thorough investigation into, and in a final determination about, potentially impeachable conduct by the president described in the Mueller report.”
Former special counsel Robert Mueller worked with a grand jury, under Howell’s supervision, for nearly two years hearing witness testimony, issuing subpoenas and filing criminal charges.
The workings of such grand juries are largely secret, and the Justice Department had argued that it should not give House investigators anything beyond what Mueller had issued publicly already.
House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerry Nadler, D-N.Y., argued that Congress was entitled to all the underlying material and the portions of the Mueller report that had been redacted to protect the grand jury process or for other reasons.
Howell agreed and said the Justice Department must give Nadler’s committee the grand jury materials by Oct. 30, although it wasn’t clear whether Attorney General William Barr might ask for more time or appeal the ruling.
The Justice Department didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment on this story.
NPR Justice reporter Ryan Lucas contributed to this report.