On his first day on the job last month, new Postmaster General Louis DeJoy addressed the nearly half million U.S. Postal Service career employees in a video message.
He talked of a “trajectory for success,” and said: “we will focus on creating a viable operating model that insures the Postal Service continues fulfilling its public service mission.”
That message has since been followed by a number of directives and orders that prompt some to wonder just what DeJoy has in mind for the agency, which dates back to the nation’s earliest days.
DeJoy, who serves as the nation’s 75th postmaster general — a line that stretches back to Benjamin Franklin — is a major donor to President Trump and other Republicans. He previously headed a North Carolina-based logistics company.
Managers have told postal workers that under DeJoy, the post office is about to embark on what’s been called a long-overdue “operational pivot.” That means that among other things, late-arriving mail will now be left behind by carriers and delivered the next day. Overtime will be eliminated.
That upsets some workers, who take seriously the unofficial motto of the Postal Service that holds: “Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds” — a phrase from the Greek historian Herodotus chiseled into the granite of New York City’s general post office.
“There seems to be a sea change here,” says Philip Rubio, a history professor at North Carolina A&T State University, and a former letter carrier. Rubio says DeJoy seems intent on making the postal service more of a business than a service.
“If they’re talking about delaying mail, if they’re talking about sending letter carriers out to the street, even if the truck is late, that means there’s a lot of first class mail that’s going to be left on the work room floor. And there’s an almost cavalier attitude about this,” Rubio says.
Agency in difficulty
The Postal Service, which doesn’t receive any tax dollars for its operating expenses, has longstanding financial issues.
It reported a loss of nearly $9 billion last year. Some of that is due to a congressional mandate that the post office prepay the health care costs of retirees. Some of it is due to a years-long decline in the volume of first class mail.
The coronavirus pandemic has also meant a reduction in some mail. But it also meant an increase in package shipping as people shop online from their homes. That has postponed an imminent cash crisis the Postal Service had predicted might strike earlier this summer.
President Trump has frequently criticized the Postal Service, charging that it gives favorable deals to online retailers such as Amazon, whose CEO, Jeff Bezos, also owns The Washington Post, another target of Trump’s ire.
Actually, a government study found, e-commerce package deliveries are profitable for the Postal Service — although not sufficient to offset the decline in other types of mail.
Now, shippers who use the Postal Service aren’t certain what the changes DeJoy is implementing will mean for their businesses.
Art Sackler is manager of the Coalition for a 21st Century Postal Service, a group of companies that rely on the post office, including Amazon, Hallmark and others.
“Having a potentially material change,” Sackler says, “without any kind of consultation is a disappointment and hopefully was just, you know, a mistake or a mix-up.”
Sackler says that “it looks as if what they’re proposing has the potential to delay mail,” and that the delayed mail will accumulate.”
The unions representing postal service employees say they haven’t met with DeJoy or been consulted about the changes either.
Postal Service v ‘postal business’
Mark Dimondstein, president of the 200,000-member American Postal Workers Union, says the union is “absolutely opposed to any policies that just slow down the mail in the name of whatever the name is — cost cutting. In this case, it’s about service. It’s not the ‘United States postal business.’ It’s the United States Postal Service.”
Dimondstein says the changes could have real world consequences, including, he says, delays in delivering medicine, Census forms — and even mail-in ballots, adding the notion of leaving mail behind “runs counter to everything” postal workers believe.
One postal worker, who asked not to be identified because the person was not authorized to speak publicly, told NPR of a pharmaceutical company that had complained of delays in picking up its outgoing shipments.
“I am sick to my stomach,” the worker said. “How can the United States Postal Service deny the pickup of outgoing mail for any customer — let alone a pharmaceutical company that is mailing medication?”
This worker said the postal service used to take pride that every piece of mail went out by the end of the day. Now, the worker says, that’s changed, adding: “It’s crazy.”
For its part, the Postal Service says it is developing a business plan “to ensure that we will be financially stable and able to continue to provide dependable, affordable, safe and secure delivery of mail and packages to all Americans as a vital part of the nation’s critical infrastructure.”
In addition, the USPS says that “by running operations on time and on schedule, we will enhance our ability to be sustainable so that we can continue to provide high-quality, reasonably-priced service to all people and businesses in the country.”