Study: Early intervention reduces risk of PTSD in children
Friday, October 8th, 2010
Brief therapy interventions after traumatic events can make a BIG difference in the lives of children–that's according to a new study from the University of Pennsylvania.
About 1 in five children who are injured, abused, or victims of violence develop Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD. In this study, children who took part in four therapy sessions within 30 days after the traumatic event saw those odds reduced by 73 percent.
Lead investigator Steven Berkowitz is director of the Penn Center for Youth and Family Trauma Response and Recovery. He says both parents and children participated in the therapy interventions, to improve communication around the traumatic event, and to increase support for the child.
Berkowitz says children's brains are more susceptible to the effects of PTSD, and left untreated, they can develop long-term difficulties:
Berkowitz: There are lots of findings, increased rates of suicide, alcoholism and other substance abuse, obesity is tied to PTSD, as is cardiovascular disease, lung disease and liver disease
Berkowitz says with millions of American children experiencing trauma each year, he hopes this kind of intervention eventually will be offered routinely:
Berkowitz: these are the sorts of early interventions that prevent poor outcomes for kids that need to be embedded in the service delivery systems where children are: schools, emergency department, hospitals
The study now appears online in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.